The patient is a 62 year old female with squamous cell carcinoma of left base of tongue.
The tumour was discovered during elective dental work. The patient had experienced progressive dysphagia for several months leading up to the diagnosis. Following diagnosis, the patient had weekly radiotherapy sessions over the course of seven weeks.
Weight loss: 13kg in the 2 years prior to treatment.
During treatment the patient had symptoms such as dysgeusia (distorted or altered ability to taste), nausea and vomiting, xerostomia (dry mouth) and pain in the mouth and throat. The patient was prescribed a medication for pain relief.
The patient had always had a small appetite. The patient disliked standard 1kcal/ml liquid oral nutritional supplements and was keen to avoid having these. However, due to the patient’s poor dietary intake and the impact of treatment on appetite and dietary intake, the need for nutrition support was discussed with the patient.
To minimise weight loss during radiotherapy.
30kcal/kg – 1170kcal1
1.2g protein/kg – 46g protein1
Week 1-3: High energy and high protein dietary advice was discussed with the patient. The need for additional snacks and desserts to try to maintain weight was explained. Samples of a milk based liquid oral nutritional supplement were provided.
Week 4: The patient tried several types of liquid oral nutritional supplements but was unable to tolerate any of them.
Week 5-7: It was agreed that the patient would try Pro-Cal powder, 2-3 x 15g sachets per day, added to foods and drinks. This provided an additional 200-300kcal and 4-6g protein.
Advice was given on how to add Pro-Cal powder to foods such as soups, desserts and mashed potato. The patient also
added Pro-Cal powder to tea with milk and tolerated this well.
A follow up appointment was arranged post the completion of radiotherapy. The patient had achieved a 7.5% weight gain.
The aim to minimise weight loss during radiotherapy was achieved once the patient started on Pro-Cal powder. Below shows the patient’s weight trends during radiotherapy with different dietary interventions.
Pro-Cal powder is a useful product to help increase energy and protein intake.
It was found that Pro-Cal powder could:
It is important to note that protein requirements need to be predominantly met through foods and drinks as Pro-Cal powder only provides 2g protein per 15g.